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Project J.2.b - Identifying operational characteristics associated with mobulid bycatch in the eastern Pacific Ocean

01 May 2022 - 31 May 2023

Program(s) in charge: Ecosystem & Bycatch Program
Funded
Objectives
  • Understand the nature of mobulid bycatch in the purse seine fishery, and in particular, the effect of different operational characteristics on mobulid bycatch rates.
  • Build on and inform ongoing research to host workshops with purse seine skippers and crew to identify feasible onboard gear, handling and release modifications to reduce mobulid mortality.
  • Tailor bycatch mitigation options for variability in vessel and gear type, as well as the operational details of the vessel.
Background
  • Manta and devil rays (i.e. mobulids) range overlaps with that of the world’s tuna fleets, leading to the potential for interactions with fisheries.
  • Recent interest in mobulid conservation has focused on reducing post-release mortality. However, the operational characteristics of vessels that might determine bycatch rates for mobulids are not well understood yet.
  • Understanding operational characteristics that are related to variability in mobulids bycatch rates will help target specific segments of the fleet for bycatch mitigation and improve discussions with stakeholders and fishers.
Relevance for management
The results of this work will help prioritize vessels with relatively high bycatch and help to identify vessels with feasible mitigation options to reduce mobulid mortality. Similarly, the results of the project will enable the staff to better understand the effect of operational characteristics of purse seiners and mobulids bycatch and propose both additional experiments and conservation and management measures for mobulids in the EPO, as necessary.
Duration
12 months
Workplan and status
  • 2022 – analyze observer data and build models for sets with reported bycatch of mobulids as well as for sets without mobulids as a function of several operational characteristics. The analysis will focus on areas and months previously identified as bycatch “hotspots” (Lezama-Ochoa et al. 2019). The potential effect of environmental variables (e.g. SST, temperature at depth, MLD, chlorophyll) on catch rates will also be tested, and, if possible, modelled to obtain a clearer signal between vessels operational characteristics and the bycatch rates.
  • 2023 – production of dissemination materials and reports for the SAC and the Bycatch Working group
External collaborators
University of California Santa Cruz
Deliverables
  • A report for the Bycatch Working Group and the SAC in 2023
  • Dissemination material for skippers’ workshops and the tuna conference 2023